Refugee status: procedure for application.
According to UNHCR, a refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.
When seeking asylum in Malta, the only place to register an application is the Refugee Commissioner Office, there is where the decision is taken at first instance.
Asylum seekers will complete a preliminary questionnaire which explains their intention to submit an application for asylum, then the formal one that is filled with the case-workers during the assessment interview. In case of successful submission of the application, the asylum seeker is given a temporary identification document, while waiting for his application to be processed. It can take up tp six months, depending of the complexity of the case.
A minor seeking asylum is put under the custody of a legal guardians in charge of directing him in the process.
The state education is free and mandatory until the age of 16. Refugees have access to tertiary education. Their previous qualifications may be recognised, if after assessment, they are judged of comparable standard to those required by the University of Malta.
Refugees have access to the labour market, they have a work permit matching their residency validity.
They are entitled to benefits and pension and can access training programs offered by Job Plus. On average 340€