This principle underscores how essential it is to protect the accused's rights and ensure that justice is administered in a fair and impartial manner.
However, several high-profile cases in recent times have drawn attention to the prevalence of wrongful convictions and deficiencies in the criminal justice system, casting doubt on this approach.
A report by the National Registry of Exonerations reveals that since 1989, over 2,800 individuals have been exonerated of crimes they did not commit. ©Namo Deet. Photo CC.
The utilization of erroneous forensic evidence, such as bite marks and hair analysis, is a significant factor in false accusations. In recent years, genetic evidence has become increasingly essential in exonerating the innocent and identifying the actual perpetrators. Nonetheless, numerous criminal justice systems around the world still depend on outdated and unreliable forms of evidence, leading to the wrongful conviction of innocent individuals.
Criminal justice systems around the world must ensure that all evidence is reliable and that the accused receives a fair and impartial trial in order to respect the principle of innocence until proven guilty. This requires a significant investment in the education of law enforcement and legal experts, as well as a commitment to updating and improving outdated procedures. By doing so, we can help ensure that justice is administered fairly and that the rights of each individual are upheld.
This article has been published as part of the Podcast'Inc project, which is funded under the Erasmus+ program of the European Union.